The anterior pituitary gland is responsible for secreting several hormones that regulate various bodily functions. These hormones are:
- Growth hormone (GH)- Promotes growth and development of bone, muscle, and other tissues.
- Prolactin (PRL)- Stimulates milk production in mammary glands after childbirth.
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)- Stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and release thyroid hormones.
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): Stimulates the adrenal glands to produce and release cortisol, a hormone involved in stress response.
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)- In females, FSH helps regulate the menstrual cycle and stimulates the development of ovarian follicles. In males, FSH helps regulate sperm production.
- Luteinizing hormone (LH)- In females, LH triggers ovulation and stimulates the production of estrogen and progesterone. In males, LH stimulates the production of testosterone.
ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES
- From acidophil cells– Growth hormone (GH), Prolactin
- From basophil cells– Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH)
- CLASSIFICATION OF ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES- KD Tripathi
- National Library of Medicine- Plurihormonal cells of normal anterior pituitary