Prescription MCQs - Pharmacy Freak

Prescription MCQs

We have provided 60 MCQs on Prescription, Unit-1, 1st semester, Pharmaceutics, B. Pharm.

We have covered following topics.

Prescription: Definition, Parts of prescription, handling of Prescription and Errors in prescription.

MCQ on Prescription

What is the primary purpose of a prescription in healthcare?

  • A. To bill the patient for medical services
  • B. To provide a record of the patient’s medical history
  • C. To communicate treatment recommendations to a pharmacist
  • D. To request a consultation with a specialist

Correct Answer: C. To communicate treatment recommendations to a pharmacist

Which of the following is typically NOT included in a prescription?

  • A. Patient’s name and address
  • B. Physician’s signature
  • C. Medication name and dosage instructions
  • D. Patient’s social security number

Correct Answer: D. Patient’s social security number

How should a pharmacist handle a prescription with unclear or illegible handwriting from the physician?

  • A. Ignore it and dispense the most common medication
  • B. Call the physician for clarification
  • C. Dispense the medication based on their best guess
  • D. Decline to fill the prescription

Correct Answer: B. Call the physician for clarification

What is the term for a mistake in prescription writing that occurs when the physician uses abbreviations that are easily misinterpreted?

  • A. Medication reconciliation
  • B. Dosage error
  • C. Medication omission
  • D. Medication error

Correct Answer: D. Medication error

In prescription writing, what information helps ensure that the correct patient receives the medication?

  • A. Physician’s signature
  • B. Medication expiration date
  • C. Patient’s contact number
  • D. Patient’s name and date of birth

Correct Answer: D. Patient’s name and date of birth

What is the significance of a DEA number on a prescription?

  • A. To identify the patient’s allergies
  • B. To track the prescription for billing purposes
  • C. To ensure the prescription’s legality for controlled substances
  • D. To determine the patient’s insurance coverage

Correct Answer: C. To ensure the prescription’s legality for controlled substances

What should a healthcare professional do if they encounter an unclear or illegible prescription?

  • A. Refer to the patient’s medical history
  • B. Contact the patient for clarification
  • C. Dispense the medication based on their best judgment
  • D. Disregard the prescription

Correct Answer: B. Contact the patient for clarification

Which part of a prescription typically includes the physician’s name, contact information, and qualifications?

  • A. Medication instructions
  • B. Patient’s name and address
  • C. Physician’s signature
  • D. Medication name and quantity

Correct Answer: C. Physician’s signature

In prescription handling, what is the responsibility of a pharmacist when filling a prescription for a controlled substance?

  • A. Dispense the medication without additional steps
  • B. Call the patient to verify their identity
  • C. Verify the prescription with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
  • D. Delay filling the prescription until the next day

Correct Answer: C. Verify the prescription with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

What term describes a situation where a patient receives a medication that was not prescribed for them due to similar-sounding drug names?

  • A. Medication reconciliation
  • B. Medication substitution
  • C. Medication omission
  • D. Medication mix-up

Correct Answer: D. Medication mix-up

Which part of a prescription is essential for a pharmacist to identify the correct medication and its dosage?

  • A. Patient’s date of birth
  • B. Physician’s medical license number
  • C. Medication name and instructions
  • D. Patient’s insurance information

Correct Answer: C. Medication name and instructions

When a prescription includes “PRN” instructions, what does it mean?

  • A. The medication is not needed
  • B. The patient should take the medication as needed
  • C. The medication is prohibited
  • D. The patient must take the medication regularly

Correct Answer: B. The patient should take the medication as needed

What is the purpose of including the patient’s name and address on a prescription?

  • A. To facilitate billing for medical services
  • B. To identify the patient in case of a medical emergency
  • C. To ensure the prescription is legally valid
  • D. To determine the patient’s insurance coverage

Correct Answer: B. To identify the patient in case of a medical emergency

What information does the “Sig” section of a prescription typically contain?

  • Medication name and quantity
  • Patient’s address and contact information
  • Physician’s medical license number
  • Dosage and administration instructions

Correct Answer: Dosage and administration instructions

What is the role of a pharmacist when a prescription indicates “Dispense as written” (DAW)?

  • Substitute a generic medication for the prescribed brand name
  • Dispense the medication exactly as prescribed
  • Refuse to fill the prescription
  • Call the physician for clarification

Correct Answer: Dispense the medication exactly as prescribed

Which of the following errors in prescription writing can lead to incorrect dosages and potential harm to the patient?

  • Omitting the patient’s date of birth
  • Using clear and legible handwriting
  • Including the physician’s contact information
  • Failing to specify the medication strength

Correct Answer: Failing to specify the medication strength

What should a pharmacist do if a prescription includes a medication to which the patient is known to be allergic?

  • Fill the prescription as written
  • Inform the patient of the allergy and dispense the medication
  • Ignore the allergy information and dispense the medication
  • Call the prescribing physician for clarification

Correct Answer: Call the prescribing physician for clarification

Which of the following is NOT a common error in prescription writing?

  • Illegible handwriting
  • Missing patient’s name
  • Incorrect medication dosage
  • Providing the patient’s email address

Correct Answer: Providing the patient’s email address

What term describes an error in which a patient receives a higher dose of medication than prescribed?

  • Medication reconciliation
  • Overdose
  • Medication substitution
  • Dosage error

Correct Answer: Overdose

Why is it important for healthcare professionals to confirm the patient’s identity when dispensing medications?

  • To charge the patient for the medication
  • To ensure the patient receives the correct medication
  • To verify the patient’s insurance coverage
  • To maintain accurate billing records

Correct Answer: To ensure the patient receives the correct medication

What information is typically found in the “Dispense as written” (DAW) section of a prescription?

  • A. Medication name
  • B. Dosage instructions
  • C. Instructions for pharmacy staff
  • D. Physician’s signature

Correct Answer: C. Instructions for pharmacy staff

When should a pharmacist call a physician for clarification on a prescription?

  • A. Only if the handwriting is completely illegible
  • B. Whenever there is any doubt or uncertainty
  • C. If the patient requests it
  • D. After filling the prescription

Correct Answer: B. Whenever there is any doubt or uncertainty

Which part of a prescription provides details about how the medication should be taken by the patient?

  • A. Physician’s name and contact information
  • B. Medication expiration date
  • C. The “Sig” section
  • D. Patient’s date of birth

Correct Answer: C. The “Sig” section

What is the primary purpose of a prescription’s “Rx” symbol?

  • A. To indicate the medication’s brand name
  • B. To notify the pharmacist of a prescription’s expiration
  • C. To confirm the patient’s identity
  • D. To signify the prescription

Correct Answer: D. To signify the prescription

Which part of a prescription typically contains the patient’s contact information and insurance details?

  • A. Physician’s signature
  • B. Medication instructions
  • C. Patient’s name and address
  • D. Medication name and quantity

Correct Answer: C. Patient’s name and address

In the context of prescription handling, what does the abbreviation “OD” stand for?

  • A. On Demand
  • B. Once Daily
  • C. Overdose
  • D. Over the Counter

Correct Answer: B. Once Daily

Why is it crucial to include the physician’s signature on a prescription?

  • A. To ensure proper medication storage
  • B. To authenticate the prescription
  • C. To track the prescription for billing purposes
  • D. To identify the patient’s medical history

Correct Answer: B. To authenticate the prescription

What is the significance of a prescription’s “PRN” designation?

  • A. It indicates a life-saving medication.
  • B. It signifies a medication for long-term use.
  • C. It means the medication should be taken as needed.
  • D. It specifies a controlled substance.

Correct Answer: C. It means the medication should be taken as needed.

What part of a prescription should include the medication’s quantity and dosage form?

  • A. Patient’s name and address
  • B. Physician’s signature
  • C. Medication name and instructions
  • D. Dispensing instructions

Correct Answer: C. Medication name and instructions

In prescription handling, what is the purpose of verifying a patient’s identity before dispensing medication?

  • A. To charge the patient for the medication
  • B. To ensure the patient receives the correct medication
  • C. To verify the patient’s insurance coverage
  • D. To maintain accurate billing records

Correct Answer: B. To ensure the patient receives the correct medication

Why is it important for healthcare professionals to check for potential drug interactions when handling prescriptions?

  • A. To charge the patient for the medication
  • B. To ensure the patient receives multiple medications
  • C. To identify and prevent harmful interactions
  • D. To increase the cost of prescription medications

Correct Answer: C. To identify and prevent harmful interactions

What is the purpose of including the patient’s date of birth on a prescription?

  • A. To identify the patient in case of a medical emergency
  • B. To verify the patient’s insurance coverage
  • C. To confirm the patient’s identity during billing
  • D. To determine the patient’s preferred pharmacy

Correct Answer: A. To identify the patient in case of a medical emergency

What is the role of a pharmacist when a prescription indicates “Substitution permissible”?

  • A. Dispense only the brand-name medication
  • B. Dispense the generic equivalent if available
  • C. Refuse to fill the prescription
  • D. Call the patient for clarification

Correct Answer: B. Dispense the generic equivalent if available

What part of a prescription should include any additional instructions or special requests from the physician?

  • A. Physician’s name and contact information
  • B. Medication expiration date
  • C. The “Sig” section
  • D. Patient’s date of birth

Correct Answer:┬áC. The “Sig” section

What is a prescription?

  • A written order from a healthcare professional to a pharmacist for the dispensing of medication.
  • A document that provides instructions on how to take a medication.
  • A list of medications that a patient is taking.
  • A record of a patient’s medical history.

Answer: A written order from a healthcare professional to a pharmacist for the dispensing of medication.


Parts of a prescription

Which of the following is NOT a required part of a prescription?

  • Patient’s name
  • Prescriber’s name and signature
  • Name of medication
  • Directions for use
  • Quantity of medication
  • Date of prescription
  • Dosage form
  • Refills (if allowed)

Answer: Refills (if allowed)


What is the purpose of the date on a prescription?

  • To indicate the date on which the prescription was written.
  • To indicate the date on which the prescription expires.
  • To indicate the date on which the medication should be started.
  • To indicate the date on which the medication should be finished.

Answer: To indicate the date on which the prescription was written.


What is the purpose of the dosage form on a prescription?

  • To indicate the type of medication (e.g., tablet, capsule, liquid, etc.).
  • To indicate the strength of the medication.
  • To indicate the frequency of administration.
  • To indicate the route of administration.

Answer: To indicate the type of medication (e.g., tablet, capsule, liquid, etc.).


What is the purpose of the quantity on a prescription?

  • To indicate the number of doses that are dispensed.
  • To indicate the number of refills that are allowed.
  • To indicate the total amount of medication that is dispensed.
  • To indicate the strength of the medication.

Answer: To indicate the number of doses that are dispensed.


Handling of prescriptions

Who is responsible for reviewing the prescription for accuracy before dispensing the medication?

  • The pharmacist
  • The nurse
  • The doctor
  • The patient

Answer: The pharmacist


What should the pharmacist do if they notice an error on a prescription?

  • Contact the prescriber for clarification.
  • Refuse to dispense the medication.
  • Dispense the medication as written.
  • Dispense the medication with a warning to the patient.

Answer: Contact the prescriber for clarification.


What should the patient do if they have any questions about their prescription?

  • Ask the pharmacist or prescriber.
  • Ask a friend or family member.
  • Ask the internet.

Answer: Ask the pharmacist or the prescriber.


Errors in prescriptions

What is the most common type of error on a prescription?

  • Dosage error
  • Drug name error
  • Route of administration error
  • Frequency of administration error

Answer: Dosage error


What are the consequences of a prescription error?

  • Serious harm to the patient
  • Ineffective treatment
  • Increased cost of healthcare

Answer: All of the above


Which of the following is NOT a prescription-only medication?

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Ibuprofen (Advil)
  • Aspirin
  • Oxycodone (OxyContin)

Answer: Acetaminophen (Tylenol)


What is the maximum number of refills that are allowed on a prescription?

  • 5
  • 10
  • Unlimited
  • Varies by state

Answer: Varies by state


What should a patient do if they lose their prescription?

  • Contact the prescriber for a new prescription.
  • Contact the pharmacy where the prescription was filled for a copy of the prescription.
  • Ask a friend or family member for their prescription.
  • Try to find a similar prescription over-the-counter.

Answer: Contact the prescriber for a new prescription or contact the pharmacy where the prescription was filled for a copy of the prescription.


What should a patient do if they have any side effects from their medication?

  • Contact the prescriber or pharmacist.
  • Stop taking the medication and seek medical attention if the side effects are severe.
  • Continue taking the medication and hope that the side effects go away.
  • Ask a friend or family member for advice.

Answer: Contact the prescriber or pharmacist.


What is the best way to store prescriptions?

  • In a cool, dry place.
  • In the refrigerator.
  • In the freezer.
  • In the bathroom.

Answer: In a cool, dry place.


What should a patient do if they have any questions about their medication?

  • Ask the pharmacist or prescriber.
  • Read the patient information leaflet that comes with the medication.
  • Ask a friend or family member.
  • Search online.

Answer: Ask the pharmacist or prescriber.


What is the best way to dispose of unused or expired prescriptions?

  • Flush them down the toilet.
  • Throw them in the trash.
  • Take them back to the pharmacy.
  • Drop them off at a hazardous waste disposal facility.

Answer: Take them back to the pharmacy or drop them off at a hazardous waste disposal facility.


What is the best way to prevent prescription errors?

  • Make sure that the prescriber knows all of your medications and allergies.
  • Double-check the prescription with the pharmacist before leaving the pharmacy.
  • Ask the pharmacist to explain the directions for use before leaving the pharmacy.
  • Keep a list of all of your medications and allergies with you at all times.

Answer: All of the above


What should a patient do if they suspect that they have received a counterfeit prescription?

  • Contact the pharmacy where the prescription was filled.
  • Contact the prescriber.
  • Report the incident to the FDA.

Answer: All of the above


What is the best way to keep prescriptions safe from children and pets?

  • Store them in a locked cabinet or drawer.
  • Keep them out of sight and reach.
  • Dispose of them properly when they are no longer needed.

Answer: All of the above


What is the difference between a generic prescription and a brand-name prescription?

  • Generic prescriptions are cheaper than brand-name prescriptions.
  • Generic prescriptions are made by the same manufacturer as brand-name prescriptions.
  • Generic prescriptions are chemically equivalent to brand-name prescriptions.

Answer: All of the above


What is the purpose of a patient information leaflet?

  • To provide patients with information about their medication.
  • To explain the directions for use of the medication.
  • To list the potential side effects and drug interactions of the medication.

Answer: All of the above


What is the difference between a prescription drug and an over-the-counter (OTC) drug?

  • Prescription drugs are stronger than OTC drugs.
  • Prescription drugs require a prescription from a healthcare professional, while OTC drugs do not.
  • Prescription drugs are generally more expensive than OTC drugs.

Answer: All of the above


What is the best way to take a prescription drug?

  • Follow the directions on the prescription label and the patient information leaflet.
  • Take the medication at the same time each day.
  • Take the medication with food or drink, unless otherwise directed.
  • Tell your healthcare professional about all other medications and supplements that you are taking.

Answer: All of the above


What should a patient do if they miss a dose of their medication?

  • Take two doses of the medication at the next scheduled time.
  • Skip the missed dose and continue taking the medication as scheduled.
  • Contact the prescriber or pharmacist for instructions.

Answer: Contact the prescriber or pharmacist for instructions.

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